Agriculture is a back bone of Ethiopian economy, in which about livestock sector accounts for about 40% of the country's agricultural GDP, 15% of the national GDP and 31% of the total agricultural employment. However, the sector constrained by unimproved genetic resource, inadequate animal nutrition, high prevalence of diseases, poor breeding, poor management of stock and feed resources, inadequate livestock services and infrastructure, uncoordinated development program, absence of appropriate policies and inadequate number of qualified manpower. The Government, well aware of the prevailing situation, is committed to significantly change the status of the livestock industry through the New Economic Policy. Increasing investment for livestock development, reduction of the role of the state in production and trade as well as the encouragement of the private sector are some of the measures to be undertaken.
The government promises that a greater share of budgetary and human resource will be devoted to the rehabilitation and expansion of the agriculture sector of which livestock is an integral component.
In line with the government policy the development of human resource in the area of animal science to alleviate the pervasive manpower shortage in the country is crucial for all our society to produce professionals, scientists and experts those do research for solving the problem of feed shortage, poor animal genetic resource, and animal health in universities, colleges, research institutions, Ministry of Livestock & Fishery Development, governmental (GOs) and non-governmental (NGOs) sectors, private sectors and industries. Hence, Department of Animal Science of Debre Berhan University opened in 2000 E.C with the following objectives, missions and visions:
- To produce competent animal sciences professionals who could serve as experts and entrepreneurs
- To produce professionals who carry out extension activities in animal sciences
- To participate in animal sciences research activities
- To develop professionals with positive attitude to rural development including responsibility, dedication, hard work, accuracy and team work
- To produce professionals who can give consultative services to solve problem of animal sciences for various community groups
- To produce professionals who have technical innovation in animal sciences development
- To produce innovative graduates with good professional ethics and responsibility to work towards national development goals
- The mission of the department of animal science is to produce qualified and self employed professionals in the field of animal sciences through quality education both in theory and practical.
- The vision of the department of Animal sciences is to be center of excellence in producing human resource and knowledge in Animal sciences.
CAREER OPPORTUNITIES UPON COMPLETION OF THE BSC DEGREE PROGRAM:
- The animal science and related fields are a major component of the Ethiopia economy and career opportunities are excellent for both men and women trained in animal science.
- Production and management of cattle, sheep, goats, horses, swine and poultry.
The food processing industry is a major employer of animal science graduates.
- Livestock buyers
- Quality control specialists
- Plant managers and sales personnel.
ANIMAL FEED/HEALTH INDUSTRY
- Animal feed processing plant specialists, managers
- Primary health care expertise
- Animal feed and nutrition laboratory expertise